Institute for European Environmental Policy: Expertise on Tourism and the Environment

Aim and Scope
The Institute for European Environmental Policy, London (IEEP) is an independent body for the analysis of environmental policies in Europe. It undertakes research and consultancy on the European dimension of environmental protection, with a major focus on the development, implementation and evaluation of the EU's environmental policy. The integration of environmental considerations into other areas of EU policy (including common agricultural policy, transport, common fisheries policy and tourism) is a field in which IEEP London specialises.

Particular Areas of Interest
Tourism, more than any other economic sector, is dependent on the quality of the environment and its resources . But by its very nature tourism is also a burden on the environment and the rapid, short-term development often associated with tourism does not meet the fundamental principles of sustainable development. However, it is unrealistic to suggest that tourism can or should be stopped entirely but where it is encouraged careful control and planning is needed. The EU has a responsibility therefore to ensure that where it intervenes in the tourism sector adequate 'environmental protection requirements ' are integrated, as demanded by Article 130r of the Maastricht Treaty.

Article 3(t) of the Treaty on European Union lists tourism as a legitimate area of EU activity and there is already some intervention in the tourism sector through direct policy measures and the provision of funding. But there is currently no developed legal base which elaborates the principles of a common tourism policy. Some consideration is due to be given to the inclusion of such a title during the 1996/97 Inter-Governmental Conference but it is not clear at this stage what the outcome of those negotiations will be. Furthermore, tourism was identified in the EU's Fifth Environmental Action Programme, Towards Sustainability, as a priority sector but there is not yet an EU-wide strategy to secure the objectives of that programme.

It is the possible future development of a tourism policy and the need to ensure that adequate environmental safeguards are incorporated within it, which is IEEP London's main area of interest.

Examples of Work Carried Out
IEEP London has undertaken research work for the UK Department of the Environment and for the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) on the development of an EU tourism policy and the implications for the environment as well as work to consider the institutional mechanisms for integration.

This work has resulted in two publications:

The 1996 Inter-Governmental Conference: integrating the Environment into other EU Policies,IEEP London, April 1995

The Integration of Environmental Protection Requirements into the Definition and Implementation of Other EC Policies, David Baldock et al, 1992

Network and Links with Other Organisations
IEEP operates as part of a network of partner institutes with offices in Paris, Madrid and Arnhem, an associate office in Berlin as well as a permanent representative in Brussels. The Institute was founded in 1976 as part of the European Cultural Foundation and the network became independent in 1990, but it continues to be linked to its partner institutes with common objectives, collaborative work and a central charitable foundation under Dutch law.

Information Source

Prepared by ...
Sally Mullard
Research and Information Officer, Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP)
158 Buckingham Palace Road, London, UK, SW1W 9TR
Telephone +44 171 8248787 Facsimile +44 171 8248145
E-Mail [email protected] Web URL