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Civil Aviation Energy Use and Global Warming


  1. Introduction
  2. Global Warming
  3. Acid Rain
  4. Framework Convention on Climate Change and Aviation
  5. Energy Use for aviation compared to other sectors
  6. Energy Use in aviation
    1. Aircraft Energy Use
      1. Stage Length and Aircraft Size
      2. Passenger Loading
      3. Operational Measures
        1. Cruise Speed and Altitude
        2. Climb and Descent Configurations
        3. Route
        4. Congestion
      4. Aircraft Design for Improved Efficiency
        1. Introducing
        2. Reducing Drag
        3. Weight Reduction
        4. Engine Efficiency